Wiki on Jonathan Crary:

Interview w Crary about 24/7:
A Prezi presentation on 24/7 that includes video:

La Jetée:

"Who Sleeps?"
"Sleep No More"
"Night Terrors"
"Sleep is an affront to capitalism"

Crary, Chapter 1:
1) Opening
2) Context (type of text, what should be taken from it), Main Argument (perhaps the Book TV video)
3) Discussion - wiki & prepared
4) Activity – identify marketing campaigns about sleep & what they're trying to say
a) pharmaceutical
b) "personal gadget" for home/office use
c) your choice

Live Blogging


• Jonathan Crary book is not a research based book that is an essay.

• Institutions control time and expense (army, bureaucrat, corporate)

• Roles are diminished (role of teacher down to equipment manager)

• Crary argues that our sleep is on the decline from 1600s to now

1. Sunrise/sunset performs its function (1600s)

2. Suburbs (cars, ovens, toasters) plays a critical role (1940s-1950s)

3. Computers & Automation (70s)

4. 24/7 (Techology is meant to keep us plugged in all of the time) (Now)

Why do we sleep less?

• Socially necessary to not miss out on what’s going on and always knowing what information is readably available

• Attached to work ethics

• Social media


2/14/2014 Live Blog Compstd. 2367.08

Ch. 2 Crary 24/7

Ch.1 is about:
  • Sleep
  • Globalization/Work
As globalization goes up, then sleep goes down. This is our social condition.
Talks about human capacities as well as their perceptions; as well as power and how it interacts with thought and reason about work and its effects on sleep, all of its implications, etc.

Main 2 sections of ch. 2
Page 50, there is an actual break with begins a completely new and different section/thought
2 sections:
  1. 1. Catching Up
  2. 2. Mass Synchronization


What is ‘catching up’?
Catching up, both on sleep, but also keeping up with our neighbors; conspicuous consumption and trying to keep with what is big at the moment
  • Planned obsolescence (planned to expire at a certain date, usually in order for the company to sell a second iteration of the product after it is gone)
  • Acceleration/velocity

What is ‘mass synchronization’?
The sameness through superficial difference; when you buy something from Amazon, it keeps track of things and then recommends things based on previous things.
  • People begin to take part in habituated behavior that is easy to pattern
  • Overall routine behavior shared by many

The Tyranny of Choice:
We are given more and more ability to choose what we want, but as we continue to choose more and make decisions the variability and importance of the decisions made are marginalized
  • The choices we’re often given don’t have much to do with anything and seem insignificant in the grand scheme of things.
  • A lot of small choices, but we cant handle to importance of major decisions

The “Futurists”
  • People that think that technology is going to make the world better
  • While it starts out in the hands of few, in the long run it will be better for humanity as a whole with the good brought on with new technological advances

Technology has two threats (pages 41-42):
  • Increasing human capacity and makes us more powerful in our everyday lives
  • On the other hand, it leads to our docility and separation (willingness to respond to orders without question/ obedience)
These two threats are in contradiction with each other

We now live in the age of the image

Summary (page 49)
Catching up, always wanting to keep up
Inequality (both nationally and internationally); sections of poverty are separating the united states, just as much as we are separated from the other countries around the world
Separation and Stratification based on inevitability of technological advancement, leads to competition


How we move our bodies in the world becomes more synchronized even if it feels like we’re becoming more individualistic
  • Society and mass society is become increasingly synchronized; the illusion of choice
Page 52-53: ‘current media products seem to be interactive’, both sides can change an impact each other; mutually constitutive

While interactive technologies are supposed to improve us, this actually isn’t happening and we’re becoming more falsely led on with choice and individuality

Page 54: Technology is constantly beating out human interaction; need and desire to log on than to be doing things like social interaction

Live Blog - Laura Rickrich - 2/14/2014


Chapter 1

  • Sleep
    • o Globalization (work)
    • o Globalization ^ then less sleep
    • o Our socialization

Chapter 2

Two Sections:

  1. 1. “Catching up” rhetorical move that connects sleep to technology
    1. a. Planned obsolescence –products have an “expiration date”
    2. b. Acceleration – going faster
    3. 2. “Mass-synchronization”
      1. a. Form of homogenization/sameness through superficial difference
      2. b. Routine predictable behavior (iTunes recommends songs based on what you have previously bought)

Page 32 – Thesis is essentially:

We are making so many micro decisions that we are no longer able to make the big decisions

*Futurists think that technology will better the future and even if in hands of the few, eventually will be in hands of the many. (Catching-up)

Working in contradiction with each other: (pages 41 and 42)

Increasing human capacity makes us more powerful in our daily lives


Instead of increasing power and capacity leads to our docility/obedience and separation

Pages 33-34

Individuals experience the global economy in different ways

Some people really benefit from it

Low-income groups are really hurt by it

Leads to death – those who try to migrate here for work

Organ trafficking, sex trafficking

In reality people do not beat the system

Live in the age of the image – 24/7 surveillance of data

Page 49 – Summary: Misconception that economic justice, mitigation of climate change, and egalitarian social relations can somehow occur alongside the continued existence of corporations like Google, Apple, and General Electric

Catching up never actually possible… people are falling more and more behind

Creating more inequality

Separation prevents us from being properly social beings

Our habits, behaviors, gestures, etc. is becoming more synchronized even though it appears we are becoming more individual

“Synch” – become the same

Page 52-53

Current media products seem to be interactive

Technologies are responsive – you give them info. but they change what you can do on it/with it

Mutually constitutive

(i.e. phone buzzes in class and you’re not supposed to be texting, but you will do it anyways because you are trained to do so)

Drives/appetites to check your phone, Facebook, etc. more and more people have need and desire to “log on”

Page 60 Summary

We engage in socially expected behavior without negative consequences

Chapter 3
4:10 Class – Morgan Casey

Arkwright’s Cotton Mills by Night by Joseph Wright of Derby

Discussion Questions:

If circulation was an essential process of capital, it was because of “the constant continuity of the process.” Marx positions 24/7 temporalities as fundamental to the workings of capital. Do you agree with this and do you think that the build out of transportation routes was key to the growth of capital?

In the second half of the nineteenth century and into the twentieth, a technology of power emerged that introduced methods of regulating the behavior of large numbers of people. This included the people in factories, schools, prisons and modern armies. People are confined in these places for long portions of the day and have mandatory routines. We have now become accustomed to this and cannot imagine not having routines. What do you think the initial reaction was to this and essentially being told what to do?

One of the goals of Google, Facebook and other enterprises is to normalize the idea of continuous interface with a relatively unbroken engagement with illuminated screens of diverse kinds that unremittingly demand interest or response. How long do you think it will take these companies to come up with a way to basically predict your decisions through your habits? Do you think we’ll see it in our lifetime?

2010 numbers show that the average American consumed video content of various kinds for approximately five hours a day. Do you think this will continue to increase? Do you think that your number of hours has increased or decreased over the past few years or stayed relatively the same?

Chapter 4
4:10 Class – Morgan Casey

1. Chris Marker’s La jetée (1962)

The movie was used as an introduction to the transition from a popular fiction genre to what has now become part of a mass imagination reinforced by many sources. It is now the assumption that dreams are objectifiable and given the development of applicable technology, they could be recorded and in some way, played back or downloaded. Do you consider this to be something that will be helpful in terms of analyzing dreams and where they come from, or would you not want to take part in it because it would be too much of an invasion of privacy?

Other Questions:

Do you think that people buy these products that supposedly “reverse the aging process” because they think they work or because it gives them the satisfaction to know that they are trying?

Blade Runner portrays technological products of corporations becoming the object of our hopes and desires. The film de-differentiated spaces in which machines and humans were interchangeable, in which distinctions between living and inanimate, between human memories and fabricated memory implants, cease to be meaningful. Over the past few decades, technology has become more and more prominent in our everyday lives. Do you ever see a situation like the one in Blade Runner occurring?

Gary Snyder’s words from 1969 represent one of the many articulations of this pervasive if short-lived ethos: “True affluence is not needing any thing.” To what extent to you believe this to be true?

Laura Rickrich
Live Blog 2-19-14

No harmonization between the demands of things 24/7
  • Almost making us somewhat dead

More focused on pictures we take of memories vs. actual experience/memory
  • Detaches us

Fordism approach:
  • Antagonism between people working the line and their management
  • Management don’t allow the line to stop or allow the workers to intervene with the machines

Toyotist approach:
  • People are allowed to stop the line and intervene with the machines
  • Requires population of workers that are obedient

24/7 mentalities
  • Less likely to have pets?
  • Less likely to have pets?
  • Will animals become extinct? Will we replace pets with mechanical ones?

Modern day 27/4 workday
  • Not a 9-5 workday anymore…
  • Yes, we may work those hours, but work doesn’t end when you come home
  • Constant need to be “plugged in”

Section 2 – Dreams
  • Recent past
  • Aristotle (ancient times)
    • o Often – most recent past
    • o Rare – prophetic
    • P. 108 – Dreams are also where wishes and drives come through, general aspirations
    • Surrealism – tried to have dreams as part of waking life
    • Politics should include some aspect of our dreams – something unique about the worlds inside our dreams

Section 3
  • Blogging – one-way model of auto chattering – eliminates the aspect of waiting on someone else to speak
  • People are becoming increasingly unaware of habitual behavior
    • o People automatically will go to sites such as Facebook, Twitter, etc. when using phone or computer
    • 125-128 – Sleep
      • o Dreams – detachedness from world we live in
      • o Compares it being always plugged into technology

  • Modern condition - moving progressively towards a completely 24/7 society
  • Contradiction between technology giving us more power and then tendency of technology to make us more docile and obedient
  • We are more tired and overwork, disaffected by how things are going
  • Limit to amount of fulfillment
  • Tiredness is a symbol of barriers
  • Working less could be what we actually want vs. working nonstop
“Workers of the world relax, lie down, and take a nap.”